European Briefings on Globalisation, North-South Relations and International Ecology

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Issue 3/May-Jun 2008

Article no: EN20090202-Issue-3-2008

Issue 3/May-Jun 2008

* European ODA: It?s Not Only About Money. New reports on aid and its effectiveness
2008 is a critical year for evaluating how aid is helping tackle global poverty and inequality. The Doha conference on Financing for Development at the end of the year will review how well the world has done in its global response to confronting the challenges of financing for development agreed in Monterrey in 2002. Donor credibility is on the line as the world waits to be convinced that they will deliver on their many promises made to both increase aid and make it more effective. Lucy Hayes reports

* Food Crisis: In Grip of Financial Markets. The role of the speculation factor
The current price hike in food markets, some say, is caused by increasing demand, be it from emerging economies or for the production of biofuels, by rising input prices, such as oil and fertilizer, and by low stocks. Others consider food speculation the culprit. No doubt, agflation as the phenomenon has been dubbed, can partially be explained by speculation, says Rainer Falk.

* Livestock: Contracted in Global Value Chains. Exploitation of producers instead of "win-win"
In times of rising food prices, not only agrofuels but also industrial livestock production is under scrutiny. It is based on concentrate feed that competes directly with food and fuel, and indirectly for land and water resources. In addition, the livestock?s greenhouse gas emissions, as well as increasing human health costs and animal welfare concerns are calling for a change. But most livestock producers cannot initiate the necessary U-turn. Even if they wanted to produce more sustainably, most of them are contracted in industrial value chains, and many are indebted. And at least in poultry, they depend on companies controlling the most important input, genetics. An overview by Susanne Gura

* Green Revolution versus Sustainable Agriculture: Causes and strategies on world hunger
World hunger is not new. Before the current price increase, 850 million people ? 13% of the world?s population ? were chronically hungry. The number of under-fed people has steadily climbed over the past decade. Now, the World Food Programme estimates that the crisis has driven another 100 million people into hunger, including even urban middle class people in Indonesia and Mexico. Katarina Wahlberg discusses strategic approaches against starvation.

* Rainforest Peoples Form Alliance for Climate Talks: Manaus Declaration on REDD
The forest peoples of the world are joining forces in order to have access to resources deriving from the thriving green market, based on future mechanisms for the reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD), to be created through the UN Climate Convention. A WDEV spotlight with documentation

WDEV 3/May-Jun 2008

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